A QUICK FACT SHEET
BY: JILL M. PATT, DVM
Australia – woods/forests, Nocturnal
LIFESPAN: 12+ years
Females has a pouch with 2 teats for nursing their young. The female gives birth to a very underdeveloped joey which then climbs up and into the pouch latching onto the nipple. Typically 2 young are produced and a female will often give birth twice in a year. The gestation is very short lasting only 16 days but the young will spend 70 days in the pouch. Young are considered independent at 16 weeks but will remain with the family unit. Sexual maturity occurs at approximately 1 year in males and between 7 months and 1 year in females.
SEXING: Females have a mid-abdominal pouch
Males have a pre-penile scrotum
HOUSING: Gliders are social animals and should never be kept without at least one other glider in their enclosure. A large cage is needed to allow these athletic animals to explore. Bird cages are frequently utilized for good bar spacing for grasping and climbing. Larger is better, but ensure that the screen is small enough to safely keep your glider in the cage. A sleeping pouch and hide box are needed as are a variety of perches for climbing. Parrot toys can be provided for additional stimulation as can a rodent wheel.
The following housing photos are courtesy of David Rich, rph and show a truly optimal environment for a sugar glider family. Accessories include a wheel, many hide pouches, a nest box, and many areas to climb and forage.
DIET: Diet is extremely important for sugar gliders and an improper diet can literally kill your glider. I recommend one of the 2 options below for providing the best nutrition for your pet. As with any exotic pet, it is important that you research and understand the needs of your pet both in the wild and in captivity.
insects, hardboiled egg with shell, newborn mice, lean meat, high quality cat food, monkey chow
fresh nectar, maple syrup, honey, acacia gum, gum Arabic, commercial lory diet, Gliderade
50% Leadbeaters Mix
150 ml warm water
50% Commercial Insectivore diet
Successful Diet of:
High Protein Wambaroo Diet w/Glideraide twice weekly
See http://www.exoticnutrition.com for HPW diet. (EN)
TREATS: Small amounts of fresh fruits, vegetables, baby food, and dairy products can be offered.
SUPPLEMENTS: A combination of a vitamin and mineral supplement such as Rep-Cal & Herptivite should be sprinkled over food. The calcium supplement should be phosphorus free.
WATER: Clean/fresh water should be available at all times. A water bottle is typically provided.
MEDICAL CONCERNS: Hind limb paralysis syndrome, Nutritional disorders, Obesity, Cataracts Trauma, Respiratory disease, Parasites, Gastrointestinal disease, Stress-related disease, Pouch disorders, Dental disease
Sugar Glider Net: http://sugarglider.net/
Mazuri Insectivore Diet: http://www.mazuri.com/
Food Supplies from Exotic Nutrition
Rep-Cal Herptivite: http://www.reptilesupply.com/product.php?products_id=29
LLL Reptile: http://www.lllreptile.com